by Peter de Souza & Preetu Nair
National Human Rights Commission report conducted by the Institute of
Social Sciences on trafficking of women and children in India
2002-2003", reveals that Goa has the highest levels of trafficking of
women and children compared to other states. Peter De Souza and Preetu
Nair goes behind the statistics and zero's in on the men and women who
add to the traffic on Goa's sex highway. And it's piling up. Tragically
there are no rules or committed policemen to even control, far less
eradicate this jam that is ruining our land
Welcome to the kingdom. This is not quite the Alice in Wonderland and
this story does not go through the rabbit hole but it sure does go
through a hell hole, and there is no mad hatter's tea party but surely
a crazy sex party. This is not a fairy tale for children Coz there are
no fairies or fairy Godmothers, just trafficking women who pose as
And unlike Alice in Wonderland, where a rabbit leads Alice to the
fascinating adventure, in Goa, you have characters like "The Jackal",
"Sex" and "Hoyo" who perform a medley of vice and torture, to take Goa
to the top of charts in India's sex traffic map.
Trafficking has acquired grave dimensions in the state after Baina
demolition (Red light area in Vasco demolished in 2004). The trafficker
is no more a gharwali or brothel keeper and there is more
sophistication, complexity and consolidation of trafficking networks.
Further, sex tourism has generated a high demand for virgin girls and
Many tourists now demand young children, in view of the popular myth
that sex with virgins can cure them of HIV and other serious diseases.
Besides, it is reliably learnt that the pain that the children undergo
during intercourse, gives the abuser the thrill. Sadly enough, though
sex tourism and related trafficking of women and children is
increasing, what is shocking is the response of the concerned agencies,
which has adopted a lackadaisical attitude and shows no will to combat
Our investigations revealed that organised crime of trafficking
revolves around two master traffickers: Carlos, the Jackal in North Goa
and Raju in South Goa. At the moment they are arch manipulators, chief
profiteers, master criminals and the kingpin of the entire trafficking
operations in the state. But they manage and modulate all activities
and transactions in such a way that they remain unnoticed. Further, GT
investigations reveal that to ensure that the trade goes on unhindered,
they pay the police and politicians not only in cash but also in kind,
which often includes allowing 'free sex' with the trafficked victims.
Meet the merchants of the human trade in Goa:
* Carlos, the Jackal, who hails from Pomburpa had escaped from judicial
local-up at Margao somewhere in August. He has 150 cases of extortion
and robbery at almost all police stations in Goa. And it is reliably
learnt that he strengthened his flesh trade operations while in jail.
At the moment he is living and operating from a huge rented house in
Ucassaim, which surrounded by thick forest. His modus operandi is
simple: He purchases Lamani, Rajasthani children, children of rag
pickers and even from as far as Orissa, Bihar and Tamil Nadu between
the ages of eight and twelve for Rs 30,000 or even less through
unscrupulous agents whom he had met in jail. These children are
trafficked to Goa by a woman, who poses to be the child's mother, to
escape the clutches of the law. Once in Goa, the children are handed
over to Carlos's accomplice, a woman nicknamed Hoyo from Anjuna. Hoyo,
a sex worker, supplies these kids to foreigners from Anjuna, Calangute
and Sinquerim. These children are sent as a helping hand along with a
woman (who claims to be their mother), who is also incidentally in the
flesh trade, as a maid. The charge per child ranges from $ 1000 to 2000
a month. Younger the child, higher the price. But the child only gets
mere Rs 2000 to 3000 for his services, while the fictitious mther gets
Rs 5,000. Carlos and his gang members share the rest.
Our investigations reveal that in Calangute and Sinquerim alone there
are at least forty rich and elderly foreigners who openly live with
children and click pornographic pictures. Though Carlos is the most
wanted criminal in Goa, he moves around freely on a Yamaha bikes,
without any fear of the police or child activists.
* Raju's operations are almost similar to Carlos. But his earning per
child is almost double than that of Carlos. Just like Carlos, Raju also
purchases children between the age of eight and eleven from Tamil Nadu,
Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh for Rs 30,000 or less and trafficks them
to Goa through a fictitious mother. His main accomplice is not a woman;
but a man, a shack owner in Colva nicknamed Sex. Sex's job is to
provide bikes and young children to foreigners and he carries on with
his trade without any hindrance, as his godfather is a top and
controversial politician from South Goa.
While Raju hails from Tamil Nadu and stays in Colva- Betalbatim and
looks after a foreigner's bungalow, Sex hails from Potwado, Colva. They
also have an Italian partner, who runs a prominent Italian restaurant
near the fish market in South, and has connection with rich foreign
tourists along the entire beach belt in the South. Sex takes children
in a large vehicle with tinted glasses to the Italian, who in turn
supplies them to rich foreigners, including Europeans and Arabs.
When contacted Santosh Vaidya, Secretary, Women and Child said that he
was not aware of these illegal operators. But he admitted that
trafficking is a really a matter of concern. "That's why we had brought
the Goa Children's Act which clearly defines trafficking. After the Act
was introduced, there has been a check on trafficking. But also a
co-ordinated action is required from everyone," admitted Vaidya.
"We have not heard of them, not at least by these names. Illegal
trafficking of girls and children for the flesh trade is not high in
Goa. Delhi is way ahead of Goa. I talk about this from experience,"
added DIG Ujjwal Mishra.
Goa serves as a source, transit and destination where thousands of
young girls and children are exploited day in and day out. Often, the
actors in the trafficking network collaborate and protect each other.
Just check out the types of prostitution phenomenon in Goa and the
TYPES OF PROSTITUTION PHENOMENON IN GOA
* Brothel based prostitution: Baina & Margao
* Street based prostitution: Vasco, Margao, Colva, Panjim, Calangute, Anjuna
* Hotel based prostitution: All over Goa
* Vehicle based prostitution: North & South Goa tourist belt
* Brothel keepers previously operating in Baina
* Few pilots ( Two wheeler taxi) and taxi owners
* Few hotels and lodges in the tourist areas and on the highways - Karwar, Molem & Sawantwadi
It is generally believed that trafficking is driven by a demand for
women's and children's bodies in the sex industry, fuelled by a supply
of women and children denied equal rights and opportunities. But
trafficking is not just limited to flesh trade. Check out the
trafficking in its manifestations:
1. Trafficking for sex-based exploitation, i.e. for brothel based and
non-brothel based commercial sexual exploitation, pornography,
paedophilia, sex tourism, mail-order bride system, disguised sexual
abuse in the garb of massage parlours, beauty parlours, bartending,
2. Trafficking for non-sex-based exploitation, including a vast area of
servitude, slavery and exploitation, either as bonded or forced labour
or using them as drug peddlers, for begging, giving in adoption,
trading in human organs, trafficking for false marriages and other
similar exploitative practices.
The study, "A report on trafficking of women and children in India
2002-2003", reveals that Goa has the highest levels of trafficking of
women and children compared to other states. However, though
inter-state trafficking is high, the intra-state trafficking is a
minimal with only 0.6 percentage, just as in the case of Delhi.
The study commissioned by National Human Rights Commission was carried
out with the support of UNIFEM and conducted by the Institute of Social
Sciences (ISS) also confirms that trafficking, though not reported from
many places, is happening almost everywhere.
Based on primary data collected through interviews of 4006 persons in
13 states and Union Territories, including victims, exploiters and
perpetrators, the study encompasses major areas of trafficking. On one
hand, the study confirmed that majority of trafficked persons are girl
children and on the other hand it negated certain popular myths that
the clientele who visit the brothels or abuse trafficked girls are men
who live away from their families and, therefore, look for options to
satisfy their sexual urges.
"The exploitation of women and children takes place not only before
trafficking, but also during trafficking and after trafficking. The
rights of the trafficked persons are violated with impunity. They are
subjected to physical and emotional harm from sexual assault to
economic deprivation, and violation of human dignity," the study
What is shocking is that even the post-trafficking scenario finds the
victim at the end of the tunnel, with almost no hope of survival. The
victim is subjected to different types of conceivable and inconceivable
acts of perversion and exploitation. Further, the law enforcement, in
most places, violates the rights of victims as the common practice is
to arrest, chargesheet, prosecute and convict the trafficked victims,
the study confirmed.
"Even in Goa the target of action is not the traffickers but the
trafficked victims. Statistics reveal that most of the offences booked
under ITPA relates to sec 7 and 8 are against trafficked victims and
not against the traffickers. Trafficked victims are arrested but no
customer, pimp, transport agent, lodge owner, hotel owner, taxi owner,
etc are arrested, though the law is very clear that those who
commercialize prostitution and those who benefit from the earning from
prostitution are committing an offence", said Arun Pandey, ARZ, who
conducted the study for ISS in Goa.
NAME: CARLOS, THE 'JACKAL'
Hails from : Pomburpa
Now lives in : Huge Rented House in Ucassaim,
Violation: 15O Cases of Extortion and Robbery
Traffic Operation: buys children from Rajasthan, Orissa and Bihar for
Rs 30,000 each who are trafficked to Goa by a woman posing as their
Preferred vehicle: Yamaha bike
Traffic partner: Hoyo, a woman
Name : HOYO
Lives in: Anjuna
Occupation: Sex worker cum Trafficker
Traffic operation: Supplies Children to foreigners from Anjuna,
Calangute and Sinquerim. Children are sent with a woman (who claims to
be their mother).
Traffic 'toll tax' to be paid by customers: $ 1000 to 2000 a month. Child gets a mere Rs 2000 and the "mother", Rs 5000
Hails from: Tamil Nadu
Now lives in: Colva-Betalbatim
Traffic operation: Buys children between the age of eight and eleven
from Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh for Rs 30,000 or less and
traffick's them to Goa through a fictitious mother
Traffic partner: A Shack owner called 'sex'. (Yes you read it right)
Hails from: Potwado, Colva
Traffic operation: Takes children in a large vehicle with tinted
glasses to an Italian, who in turn supplies them to rich foreigners,
including Europeans and Arabs.
Traffic partner: THE ITALIAN who runs a prominent Italian restaurant near a fish market in South Goa